What is machining in mechanical | Before answering the question of what is machining, we would like to briefly talk about the history of machining. Machining entered our lives at the beginning of the 18th century. With the progress of the wood industry, machining began to increase in popularity. Iron forming processes used to be done by the arm strength of blacksmiths. This required a great deal of manpower. When we came to the 19th century, machining started to show itself well. In the 20th century, it made a splash and took its place in our lives. The machining industry continues to evolve today. After briefly talking about the history of machining, let’s move on to the answer to the question of what machining means. The process of removing material in the form of layers from the workpiece in order to give a material the desired properties is called machining.
Machining is especially useful for giving surface, shape and dimension. The material layer is called sawdust. With the help of cutting tools, the mold material reaches the desired shape by machining. Some machines are required for machining to take place. A process that will take days with human power is safely resolved in a short time thanks to these machines. There are machining machines such as CNC machines, milling cutters, grinders and so on. Machining is frequently used especially in the furniture industry. If we briefly define what machining means, what is machining; It is the process of shaping a material to give it the desired properties. Wood, metal or plastic materials are removed in the form of layers by using certain tools, thus the ground is prepared to give the desired shape. The desired surface, shape and size is given to the materials. All these processes are done with material cutting tools.
What are the types of machining?
Machining is not a single type. Machining methods; It can be generalized to turning, milling, drilling or grinding. Let’s continue with the answer to the question of what is chipless manufacturing. Chipless manufacturing methods are methods that cover situations where the material mass is preserved. It includes processes such as casting, plastic forming, powder metallurgy, rapid prototyping, welding. One of the types of machining is milling. Mills, together with the cutting tools, remove chips from the material and give shape. In addition, drilling is one of the types of machining. Hole drilling is the name given to the process of drilling cylindrical holes on the designed material.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of machining?
One of the most basic purposes of manufacturing technology is to make the designed products with low cost and good quality. At this point, efficiency is very important. Getting the best efficiency from the material is a priority. Factors such as material type, surface quality, mechanical properties of the parts to be produced should be considered. Machining has some advantages and disadvantages in itself. Let’s start with the advantages of machining. First of all, it should be noted that in machining processes, the variety of materials that can be processed is quite high. It is possible to give the desired size and shape to the materials with the machining process. Shapes designed in digital environment can also be sized as desired by machining. Clean surfaces are obtained. Let’s continue with the disadvantages of machining. Unfortunately, material waste is likely to occur. Machining is the process of shaping materials such as metal, plastic, wood, at this point, it is possible to experience some loss in materials.